A brief history of Kangaroo Mother Care 

• 1979 - Dr Rey and Martinez started programme in Bogota, Colombia, in response to shortage of incubators and severe hospital infections.


• 1983 - UNICEF brought attention to the programme, Spanish!


• 1985 - Number of visits from USA, UK and Scandinavia, first English report published in The Lancet by Whitelaw and Sleath, May 1985.


• 1986 onwards - Research in Europe and USA. Implementation widespread in Scandinavia and Germany. Early implementation in Mozambique and other African countries.


• 1991 - First review of research published by Gene Cranston Anderson.


• 1996 - First International Workshop, Trieste, Italy, hosted by Adreano Cattaneo and team. Noted over thirty different terms used, agreed to use KMC (Kangaroo Mother Care), defining the programme of skin-to-skin contact, breastfeeding and early discharge. The term “K C” refers only to intervention “intrahospital maternal-infant skin-to-skin contact”.


• 1998 - First International Conference on Kangaroo Care, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, arranged by Susan Ludington-Hoe


• 1998 - Second International Workshop, Bogota, Colombia, arranged by Nathalie Charpak and team; focus on research and implementation.


• 2000 - Third International Workshop, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

2002   - Fourth INK workshop   Cape Town, South Africa

2004 Fifth INK workshop , Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

2006 Sixth INK workshop, Cleveland USA  

2008 Seventh INK workshop  Uppsala, Sweden  

 2010  Eighth INK workshop, Quebec, Canada